The National Institutes of Health (NIH) defines data as “recorded factual material accessible to other researchers so they can validate those findings.” The NIH emphasizes the validity of data and data sharing. Read the NIH statement on sharing research data.
The NIH and National Science Foundation (NSF) define data as products of research that are heterogeneous and contextualized within different academic disciplines. The NSF emphasizes the community value of data rather than just the value of data to the individual.
Background data is contextual information for the primary foreground data collected for analysis. It can include:
Metadata is data about data. It is information that describes, explains or locates other data. It helps you to more easily retrieve, use or manage your data. The bare minimum metadata you should include with your data are:
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