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Citing & Copyright

AMA Citation Examples

Journal Article in AMA Format


Ansari N, Lodha A, Mehta M, Menon SK. A real-time smartphone-enabled time since death estimation from vitreous humour protein. Aust J Forensic Sci. 2019;51(1):78-94. doi:10.1080/00450618.2017.1324581

Print Book in AMA Format

Johnson T. Living with 2020 Vision : The Mental Health Awakening in the Black Community. New Degree Press; 2021.


eBook in AMA Format

Shein DM, Druckenbrod RC, Freddo TF. Clinical Medicine for Optometrists. Wolters Kluwer; 2021. Accessed August 22, 2023.


Book Chapter in AMA Format

Hanley M, Patel B. Systemic health screening. In: Reilly J, Gaiser H, Young B, eds. Clinical Procedures for Ocular Examination. 5th ed. McGraw Hill; 2023:265-276.

UpToDate Topic in AMA Format


Osborne B, Balcer LJ.  Optic neuritis: Pathophysiology, clinical features, and diagnosis In: Post T, ed. UpToDate. UpToDate; 2023. Accessed August 18, 2023.

Website in AMA Format - No Author

American Optometric Association. State Advocacy. Updated June 28, 2022. Accessed July 28, 2023.


Website in AMA Format - Author

Jaslow R. Cell Therapy That Repairs Cornea Damage with Patient’s Own Stem Cells Achieves Positive Phase I Trial Results. August 18, 2023 Accessed August 19, 2023.


Images are cited the same way as websites in AMA format.

Personal Communication in AMA Format


Email communication with your patient

Similar side-effects to [insert drug name] have been noted by our patient (email communication, October 2023).


Oral communication/interview with your patient

In a conversation with our patient/patient A (October 2023)...


According to an email from patient A in October 2023...

More Information

The following guides have additional examples and guidelines for AMA Style:

AMA Style Guide

AMA Style Guide for Science & Medical Writing : QuickStudy Reference Guide

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